Treating Genital Warts – Best Ways to Get Rid of This Embarrassing Problem
Genital warts are usually pedunculated, popular, or flat growths on the genitals organs or mucosa. It is caused by a virus known as HPV or human papillomavirus. It is easy to diagnose genital warts as they can be seen in the external genitalia, though some may grow in the internal area. It may be confirmed by biopsy of the wart. Genital warts generally disappear by themselves especially if the affected person has a strong immune system. However it may take a few months or even years before they disappear. Because of this, people usually choose to treat their warts. Below are some of the ways of treating genital warts.
Cryosugery, otherwise known as cryotherapy or cold therapy, uses liquid nitrogen to freeze the warts. It is known to kill 71-79% of the warts. However, the rate of recurrence is high, with 38-73% in just six months after the treatment. Aside from that, those who underwent cryosurgery reported local infections after the procedure.
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA)
Trichloroacetic acid is known to destroy genital warts by chemically coagulating the proteins present in the warts. The risk faced in using TCA is the damage that it can cause to the adjacent tissues because the solution has a low viscosity and can spread rapidly throughout the adjacent tissues.
Laser ablation or laser surgery uses a beam of laser light to destroy and remove the warts. This treatment is usually expensive and require around five sessions before the warts are totally removed. The number of sessions also depends on the number and size of the warts present in the genitals.
Interferons have immunostimulating effects and anti-viral properties. Recombinant and natural interferons can be used in treating genital warts. They can be administered in two ways, intralesionally (injected directly into the genital wart) or systemically (intramuscular or subcutaneous). Intralesional administration is more effective compare to the systemical administration. When the interferon is administered intralesionally, the patient may feel pain, burning sensation, and stinging sensation at the injection site. Because of frequent office visits, inconvenient routes of administration, and high risk for systemic adverse effects, this procedure is not recommended as a primary modality.
Most people prefer surgical excision if other methods fail. This procedure is best for large warts. The surgeon will administer local anesthesia prior to the procedure. He or she will use a scalpel or a surgical knife to scrape off the wart. The only downside of this method is that it has higher risk of scarring, it may take time for the wound to heal and pain may be felt hours after the procedure.
These are the most commonly used methods in treating genital warts. If you are suspecting that you have genital warts, consult your doctor to confirm the diagnosis. Your doctor will also help you decide which treatment option is best for you. Never self-medicate as you may only cause harm not only to your skin but to your health in general.
To get rid of external genital warts at home, follow the method outlined by Dr. Charles in Chapter 6: best home wart remover. Pay particular attention to the important tip on page 99 and you will get excellent results.