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Symptoms of HPV

Symptoms of HPV

Symptoms Of HPV FAQs

HPV or human papillomavirus is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. This papillomavirus infects the mucous membrane and epidermis of humans. In women, this virus can lead to cancers of the vagina, vulva, anus, and cervix. In men, it can lead to cancers of the penis and anus. There are more than 130 types of HPV, around 40 of which are known to infect both men and women’s genital areas and surrounding tissues. What are the symptoms of HPV infection?

Most people who are infected with HPV are not even aware that they have it. Some types of HPV however, can cause the development of genital warts both in men and in women. Other types of HPV can cause cancers of the penis, vagina, anus, vulva, and cervix. Those types of HPV that can cause cancer are not the same as those that can case genital warts.

Genital warts can occur in clusters and usually appear as tiny bumps that can easily spread into large masses that develop in the genital area. In women, these warts can be found around the anus, on the opening of the cervix, or inside and outside of the vagina. In men, they can be seen on the shaft, at the tip of the penis, around the anus, or on the scrotum (see picture of genital warts above). In rare cases, warts can develop in the throat or mouth.

Those who will develop cervical cancer because of HPV infection will not notice any symptoms until it has reached its advanced stages. Same goes for cancers in the vagina, anus, vulva, and penis.

As with any disease, you should consult your doctor for appropriate diagnosis and treatment for HPV.

HPV and Men

HPV and Men

HPV and Men FAQs

HPV or genital human papillomavirus is one of the most common viruses that can be transmitted through sexual contact. Approximately 40 types of HPV can be transmitted through sexual contact. Those who are sexually active and have multiple sexual partners are prone to have HPV infection at some time in their lives. In men, the virus can infect the genital areas and the surrounding skin.

What health-related problems can HPV cause?

Most men who get infected with HPV very seldom develop symptoms. However, there are certain types of HPV that can cause genital warts (see picture of genital warts above). There are also types that can cause anal cancer or penile cancer. The types of HPV that can cause penile cancer are not the same as the ones that can cause anal cancer.

What are the signs and symptoms of HPV and men?

For genital warts the symptoms include the growth of tiny bumps that are shaped like cauliflowers and may appear as raised or flat. They are usually found in the groin, testicles, penis, anus, and thighs.

As for anal cancer, there are sometimes no symptoms at all. If symptoms do appear, they can include itching in the anal area, pain in the anus, anal bleeding or discharges, swollen lymph nodes in the groin or anal area, and changes in the shape of the stool or in the bowel habits.

In penile cancer, the early signs and symptoms include thickening of the skin in the penis or build up of tissues in the penile area, and changes in color of the skin of the penis. Later signs include a growth of a sore on the penis, which sometimes bleeds and is usually painful.

HPV and Men: how do you get HPV?

The most common mode of transmission for HPV infection is through genital contact, most often during anal and vaginal sex. Since symptoms very seldom develop, those who are infected pass on the infection without even realizing it.

What are the tests for HPV in men?

There are still no tests that are approved or designed to diagnose HPV in men.

What are the treatments for HPV in men?

Currently, there is still no cure or treatment for HPV, both in men and women. There are, however, treatments for the health-related problems that are brought about by the virus.

There are a lot of treatments for genital warts, such as topical medications, surgery, electrocautery, cryotherapy, laser vaporization, and trichloracetic acid. Warts usually recur several months after treatment, so one may need several wart treatment or a combination of the treatments.

Anal and penile cancers can be treated through chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. A combination of these treatments may be needed in some cases.

How can HPV infection be prevented?

Since the mode of transmission is through sexual contact, then the best way to prevent it is by practicing safe sex or by having only one sexual partner. Condoms can help prevent the spread of the infection. However, it is not a guarantee because not all the infected areas, such as the scrotum and groin, can be covered by a condom.

As with any disease, you should consult your doctor for appropriate diagnosis and treatment.

Treatment For HPV

Treatment For HPV

Unfortunately, in treatment for HPV, there is no cure for the virus itself. However, a healthy immune system can fight off the virus naturally. If one is infected with HPV, the treatment is focused on the diseases that are caused by the virus, which is the genital warts and cancer. Therefore wart treatment and medication is very relevant.

For the visible genital warts, topical medications can be applied. These medications should be prescribed by the patient’s physician. Most commonly used topical creams for genital warts are Condylox or Podofilox and Aldara or Imiquimod. Other wart removal treatments include laser vaporization, electrocautery, trichloracetic acid, cryotherapy, and surgery.

These warts, however, disappear without any treatment but it may take some time. The time it takes for warts to fully disappear differs from one individual to the other. Most people prefer to have their genital warts treated because they are bothersome and sometimes painful, and not to mention they are not good to look at.

For cancer, it can be treated if it is diagnosed at its early stages. Available treatments for cancer are chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery.

For cancer of the cervix, there are three treatment options. They are conization or cone biopsy, which removes the abnormal tissues; cryotherapy, which involves the freezing of the affected cells using liquid nitrogen; and Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP), which removes the abnormal cells using a painless electrical current.

Just like any other diseases that can easily be transmitted, the best treatment for HPV is prevention. It is wise to take precautions measures all the time.

As with any treatment, you should consult your doctor before determining the course of treatment. Learn more about the symptoms of HPV.